The money in the economнa
In our journey through the problems econymicos we have been avoiding the money in spite of its obvious importance. Now, armed as a broad conceptual baggage, the time has come to address their study and understanding of cymo is created, cymo actъa your mбgico power and cymo can put to use their creative force to shape ъtil and benйfica.
Imaginйmonos the plethora of problems that were posed to the members of primitive societies that carecнan of money and tenнan that use the bartering. A hunter who wants to purchase a bowl of mud is directed to the workshop of a potter. Only can pay with the products of his work, namely, with the skins or with the flesh of the captured animals, so walking down by the weight of the mercancнas that offers. If the potter does not need fur or meat, if you do not occurs the matching simultбnea needs recнprocas not serб exchange possible. The potter, however, does not need the products of the hunter, is prepared to accept any to preserve it for future exchanges, but this does not serve meat that sufrirнa pйrdida rбpida value. Aceptarнa by both a skin, but the hunter may consider that there is no matching values of the mercancнas to exchange. The skin of an animal is indivisible. perderнa value if the fraccionase, so that does not help you to gain minutiae.
From the Neolнtico could have a type of mercancнa, the metals. that, not to be so limited, podнa to solve all these problems because he enjoyed the caracterнsticas due to the money :
Aceptaciyn universal. The money has to be a mercancнa desirable by all.
Fбcil transport. You accumulate a lot of value in very little weight, and that does not require containers frбgiles. Not worth it for both the oil and the wine.
Divisible. That serves to acquire mercancнas expensive and cheap. That can be fractionated without pйrdida of its value.
Incorruptible. The caracterнstica which has proved to be mбs difнcil get: that does not lose value with the passage of time.
humanity has used a wide variety of mercancнas as money. Marine shells on some islands of the Pacнfico, carved stones in Бfrica, tobacco leaves in Norteamйrica prior to its independence, cigarettes in the fields of concentraciyn during the Second World War. But the mercancнas mбs used have undoubtedly been the metals: iron, gold and especially silver.
THESE WERE HIS WORDS
All jyvenes of Lydia prostitute themselves, and thus provide her dowry; asн, have despuйs of their persons as they consider appropriate. (..) The ways and the customs of the lydians do not essentially differ from those of Greece, except in this prostituciyn of the girls. They are the first people that news that acucy gold and silver coins to the retail trade.
(Herydoto, Clнo, century V to.c.)
There are aъn another caracterнstica demanded money and difнcil of getting, the fбcil recognition of its value. As the value of the metals can be adulterated using alloys that reduce their law, the rulers began to put in some metal parts, a seal to ensure its weight and purity. Emerged asн the first coins. The reference mбs old that we have the acucaciyn of coins comes from the Greek historian Herydoto (484-425 a.c.) segъn which the first acucaciyn is habrнa produced in Lydia, a kingdom located in what is now Turquнa, towards the EIGHTH century.c.
The caracterнsticas cited are essential for the money to be able to meet your features :
a Medium of exchange and payment. Eliminates the cumbersome system of barter allowing exchange of mercancнas and the payment of a debt.
Depysito value. The yields resulting from work can accumulate in the form of money to purchase goods and services in the future.
Unit of measurement. To establish the equivalence in money of any good and service offered on the market, it becomes a patryn universal that allows the comparaciyn accurate of the values of different mercancнas.
In modern societies there are many instruments that meet these functions, so many that sometimes it is difнcil distinguish whether a certain financial instrument is cash or not. Ademбs, the tecnologнa electrynica estб driving the apariciyn continuous of new means of payment which makes it difficult to aъn mбs the task of measuring the amount of money that circulates through a paнs.
we Can distinguish several forms of money .
Description of the article: money magazine On our tour through the problems econymicos we have been avoiding the money in spite of its obvious importance. Now, armed as a broad conceptual baggage, the time has come to address their study and understanding of cymo is created, cymo actъa your mбgico power and cymo can put to use their creative force to shape ъtil and benйfica.
barter, caracterнsticas, functions m1, m2, m3, cash, depysitos
Source: The money in the economнa